Wasa'il al-Shi'a

  

Wasa'il al-Shi'a

Tafṣīl wasāʾil al-shīʿa ilā taḥṣīl masāʾil al-sharīʿa (Arabic:تفصیلُ وَسائل الشیعة إلی تَحصیلِ مسائل الشّریعة) reputably known as: Wasāʾil al-shīʿa (وسائل الشیعة) is a Shi'a Hadith collection, compiled by al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili (d.1104/1693). It consists of Shi'a narrative traditions from early Shi'a hadith collections like The Four Books and other sources, pertaining exclusively to jurisprudential matters.

About the Author

    Main article: al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili

Muhammad b. Hasan b. 'Ali b. Muhammad b. Husayn, widely known as: al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili, is an Imami jurist and expert in Hadith in 11th/17th century, who, along his magnum opus, wrote several valuable books. In scholarly circles, he is famous as: "the author of al-Wasa'il". He passed away in Mashhad and was buried in one of the courtyards of the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Rida (a).

Review

Wasa'il al-shi'a is an extensive collection of authentic narrations from the Prophet (s) and the Ahl al-Bayt (a) regarding Shi'a jurisprudence and practical laws. The narrations are classified in 50 categories, and the final section presents various discussions about Hadith sources, the chains of narration and 'ilm al-Rijal (study of transmitters of Hadith). al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili compiled these narrations within 20 years, finishing in 1082/1671. The book holds distinctive scholarly merits which made it a necessary reference for all scholars and Mujtahids since its compilation.
The Motive

In the introduction, the author writes:

            For a long time, I had this idea in mind, to collect narrations about Shari'a and practical laws from reliable books that are at the reach of 'Ulama, for these books, in addition to redundancy and repetition, contain other unrelated traditions that are not helpful for jurists. Therefore, I started to compile narrations pertaining to practical laws, I did whatever I could and I did not take but from reliable and reputable books.

Contents

This great collection, contains 36,000 narrations, dealing with: practical laws, obligations and rituals. The book is an scrutinized selection from authentic early Shi'a Hadith collections and primary manuscripts of early companions.

Important Shiite collections of hadiths
The author
Death
Number of hadiths
descriptions

 

 

al-Mahasin
Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Barqi
274/887
about 2604
Hadiths regarding different topics such as fiqh and ethics

 

al-Kafi
Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni
329/940
about 16000
Variety of hadiths regarding the principles of beliefs, ethics, conducts, and fiqh

 

Man la yahduruh al-faqih
al-Shaykh al-Saduq
381/991
about 5500
Hadiths regarding fiqh

 

Tahdhib al-ahkam
al-Shaykh al-Tusi
460/1067
about 13600
Hadiths regarding fiqh

 

Al-Istibsar
al-Shaykh al-Tusi
460/1067
about 5500
Hadiths regarding fiqh

 

al-Wafi
al-Fayd al-Kashani
1091/1680
about 50,000
Collection of hadiths in the Four Books with eliminating repeated hadiths and explaining some hadiths

Wasa'il al-shi'a
al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili
1104/1692
35850
Hadiths regarding fiqh in the Four Books and over 70 other collections of hadiths

 

Bihar al-anwar
al-'Allama al-Majlisi
1110/1698
about 85,000
Hadiths from most of the Infallibles (a) regarding various issues

 

Mustadrak al-wasa'il
Mirza Husayn Nuri
1320/1902
23,514
Supplementation of hadiths regarding fiqh in Wasa'il al-shi'a

 

Safinat al-bihar
Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi
1359/1940
10 volumes
an alphabetically ordered index for Bihar al-anwar

 

Mustadrak safinat al-bihar
Shaykh 'Ali Namazi
1405/1984
10 volumes
Supplementation of Safinat al-bihar

 

Jami' ahadith al-Shi'a
Ayatollah Burujirdi
1380/1960
48,342
Including all Shiite hadiths regarding fiqh

 

Mizan al-hikma
Muhammad Muhammadi Reyshahri
contemporary
23,030
564 non-jurisprudential (not regarding fiqh) topics

 

al-Hayat
Muhammad Rida Hakimi
contemporary
12 volumes
40 chapters regarding theoretical and practical issues

Features

    Recording the chain of transmission for each narration.
    Classification of the narrations and presenting all related narrations in the specified category.
    Author's random explanation about certain narrations, particularly those that seemingly conflict with other narrations.
    The author's final inference of all narrations in each group, which is represented as the title for the group.
    Long and complex narrations were fractionated by the author to fit in their addressed categories.
    Reference to other related groups at the end of each group. These references in recent published versions have been analyzed and specified by volume and page number in the footnote.
    An authenticity-based order in each group. That is, each group begins with the most authentic narrations and ends with the weak ones. (according to author's viewpoint)
    The Twelve Discussions at the final section, introducing Hadith sources and discussing some topics within the discipline of Hadith and 'ilm al-Rijal.

Views about the Book

Sayyid Husayn Sadr says:

            Whenever a jurist or Mujtahid looks in this book, he finds what he needs like neatly ordered pearls. There's no issue but to get addressed in this book, which gained the admiration of scholars and is distinguished from other books, like the way the verses of Qur'an are distinguished from other words.

'Allama Amini writes:

            There's no biographical account of al-Shaykh al-Hurr but to contain admirations and appreciations of his great work, Wasa'il al-shi'a [1]

Related Books

    Tahrir wasa'il al-shi'a wa tahbir masa'il al-shari'a, by: al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili
    Ta'liqa 'ala wasa'il al-shi'a, by: al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili
    Hidayat al-umma ila ahkam al-a'imma, by: al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili
    Sharh wasa'il al-shi'a and majma' al-ahkam, by: al-Shaykh Muhammad Maqabi Bahrani
    Sharh wasa'il al-shi'a, by: Muhammad Radi Qazwini.
    Sharh wasa'il al-shi'a, by: Sayyid al-Khoei.
    Mustadrak al-wasa'il, by: 'Allama Nuri.
    And seven other books.

Manuscripts

    Manuscript in the Library of the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Rida (a) in Mashahd. this is the first draft of the book, written by the author himself. The author has dated it: Rabi' I 1072/Oct.-Nov. 1661.
    Manuscript in the Library of late Ayatollah Mar'ashi Najafi in Qom. This is the second version of the book, written by the author himself and is dated 1082/1671.
    Second manuscript in the Library of the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Rida (a), which dates back to 1114/1702. This manuscript is a copy of the third version, which had been written down by the author. Also, this version bears the final amendments and footnotes in the author's handwriting.

Publications

After being recopied countlessly in scholarly circles, the book was published for the first time with the amendments by Ayatollah Shahid Shaykh Fadl Allah Nuri in six volumes. Its 20 volume version, with 'Abd al-Rahim Rabbani Shirazi's footnotes was published in 1403/1983. In 1414/1993,Al al-Bayt Foundation published the book in 30 volumes.

Notes

    Al-Amini, Vol.11, P.336

References

    The material for this article is mainly taken from وسائل الشیعة in Farsi Wikishia.
    Al-Amini, 'Abd al-Husayn, Al-Ghadir, Dar al-kutub al-'arabi, Beirut, 1397/1977;

Source: (en.wikishia.net) 

  

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