What Book is Al-Kafi ? (2)

What Book is Al-Kafi ? (2)

Content

Al-Kafi consists of three main sections: usul al-kafi, which contains hadiths regarding beliefs, furu' al-kafi which contains fiqhi hadiths and rawda which is about history. Usul al-kafi contains a few books in itself including Kitab al-Hujja.

Usul al-Kafi contains hadiths regarding beliefs and is comprised of eight chapters (i.e. books):

  1. Kitab al-'aql wa l-jahl (The Book of Intellect and Ignorance)
  2. Kitab fadl al-'ilm (The Book of the Merits of Knowledge)
  3. Kitab al-tawhid (The Book of Divine Unity)
  4. Kitab al-hujja (The Book of the Proof)
  5. Kitab al-iman wa l-kufr (The Book of Belief and Disbelief)
  6. Kitab al-du'a' (The Book of Supplication)
  7. Kitab fadl al-Qur'an (The Book of the Merits of the Qur'an)
  8. Kitab al-'ishra (The Book of Social Ethics)

Furu' al-Kafi contains hadiths regarding jurisprudential rulings and is comprised of 26 chapters:

  1. Kitab al-tahara (The Book of [[[Purity]])
  2. Kitab al-hayd (The Book of Menstruation)
  3. Kitab al-jana'iz (The Book of Corpses)
  4. Kitab al-salat (The Book of Prayer)
  5. Kitab al-zakat wa l-sadaqah (The Book of Zakat and Charity)
  6. Kitab al-siyam (The Book of Fasting)
  7. Kitab al-hajj (The Book of Hajj)
  8. Kitab al-jihad (The Book of Jihad)
  9. Kitab al-ma'isha (The Book of Living)
  10. Kitab al-nikah (The Book of Marriage)
  11. Kitab al-'aqiqa (The Book of Sacrifice for the New Born)
  12. Kitab al-talaq (The Book of Divorce)
  13. Kitab al-'itq wa l-tadbir wa l-mukataba (The Book of Emancipation, Management and Writing)
  14. Kitab al-sayd (The Book of Hunting)
  15. Kitab al-dhaba'ih (The Book of Slaughtering)
  16. Kitab al-at'ima (The Book of Foods)
  17. Kitab al-ashriba (The Book of Drinks)
  18. Kitab al-zi wa l-tajammul wa l-muruwwa (The Book of Garment and Beautification and Ettiquete)
  19. Kitab al-dawajin (The Book of Livestock)
  20. Kitab al-wasaya (The Book of Wills)
  21. Kitab al-mawarith (The Book of Inheritance)
  22. Kitab al-hudud (The Book of Punishments)
  23. Kitab al-diyat (The Book of Atonements)
  24. Kitab al-shahadat (The Book of Witnesses)
  25. Kitab al-Qada' wa l-ahkam (The Book of Judgment and Rulings)
  26. Kitab al-ayman wa l-nudhur wa l-kaffarat (The Book of Belief and Vows and Atonements/Reparation)

Rawda al-Kafi consists of miscellaneous hadiths that are in no particular order. Although some do not consider it to be a part of al-Kafi,[13] both al-Najashi and al-Shaykh al-Tusi have asserted that Rawda is al-Kafi's last chapter.[14] It includes hadiths pertaining to the following topics:

  1. Interpretation of some verses of the Qur'an
  2. Advices of the Ahl al-Bayt (a)
  3. Dreams and their types
  4. Health problems and cures
  5. Creation of the universe and some phenomena
  6. The history of some prophets (a)
  7. The merit of Shi'a and their duties
  8. Some historical issues of early Islam and the time of Imam 'Ali's (a) government
  9. Imam al-Mahdi (aj), his attributes, companions and the attributes of his time
  10. The biographies of some companions and other individuals

Number of Hadiths

Yusuf al-Bahrani, in Lu'lu' al-bahrayn, counts the number of hadiths in al-Kafi to be 16,199, Dr. Husayn 'Ali Mahfuz, in the preface to al-Kafi, counts 15,176, al-Allama al-Majlisi counts 16,121 and some contemporary scholars such as al-Shaykh 'Abd al-Rassul al-Ghaffar consider there to be 15,503.

The reason for this variancy in number is due to different methods of counting. For example, some scholars count a hadith transmitted from two different chains as two hadiths, while others count it as one. Also, some have included Mursal hadiths (those hadith which do not have a complete chain of transmitters), while others have not. There are also rare cases where some hadiths are not mentioned in certain manuscripts, and therefore may or may not have been counted.[15]

Researches Carried Out on al-Kafi

Since al-Kafi has always been a topic of discussion among scholars of hadith, many researches have been carried out on it. In al-Dhari'a, Agha Buzurg Tihrani has listed 27 commentaries on Usul al-kafi or the whole of al-Kafi, and 10 marginal notes on al-Kafi.[16]

Some Commentaries

  • Mulla Sadra's commentary
  • Fayd al-Kashani's al-Wafi
  • Al-Allama al-Majlisi's Mir'at al-'uqul
  • Mulla Salih Mazandarani's commentary
  • Mulla Khalil Qazwini's Persian commentary called Safi, and an Arabic commentary called Shafi
  • Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Muhaqqiq Damad's al-Rawashih al-samawiyyah fi shah al-Kafi
  • Amir Isma'il Khatunabadi's commentary

Marginal Notes and Glosses

  • Al-Ta'liqat 'ala kitab al-Kafi written by Muhammad Baqir Hussayni, known as Mirdamad (d. 1041/1632)
  • Jami' al-ahadith wa l-aqwal written by al-Shaykh Qasim b. Muhammad b. Jawad b. al-Wandi (d. 1100/1689)
  • Al-Durr al-manzum min kalam al-ma'sum written by al-Shaykh 'Ali b. Hassan b. Zayn al-Din al-Shahid al-Thani (d. 1104/1693)
  • Al-Hashiyat ala usul al-Kafi written by Rafi' al-Din Muhammad b. Haydar al-Na'ini
  • Marginal notes written by Abu al-Hassan Sharif Futuni 'Amili
  • Marginal notes written by Sayyid Mir Abu Talib b. Mirza Beyk Fendereski
  • Marginal notes written by al-Shaykh Zayn al-Din Abu al-Hassan 'Ali b. Shaykh Hassan, the author of Ma'alim
  • Marginal notes written by al-Shaykh Muhammad b. Hassan b. Zayn al-Din al-Shahid al-Thani, known as al-Shaykh Muhammad Sibt 'Amili (d. 1030/)

English Translation

Translation of al-Kafi to English, by Muhammad Sarwar

The first volume of Al-Kafi (from the beginning to kitab al-Iman wa l-kufr) has been translated into English in 8 volumes by Muhammad Sarwar.

There is also a translation and commentary on the first chapter of Usul al-Kafi, i.e Kitab al-'aql wa l-jahl (The Book of Intellect and Ignorance) by Islamic Texts Institute.

Notes

1. Al-Kafi. vol. 1, p. 14 (Introduction)

2. Ghaffar, Abd allah al-rasul.al-Kulayni wa l-kafi. p. 392.

3. Al-Shaykh al-Mufid.Tashih al-i'tiqadat al-imamiyya. p. 70.

4. Al-Kulayni, Muhmmad b. Ya'qub.al-Kafi. vol. 1. p. 27.

5. Al-Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Mir'at al-uqul. vol. 1. p. 3.

6. Tihrani, Agha Buzurg. Al-Dhari'a. vol. 17, p. 245.

7. Astarabadi, Muhammad Amin. Al-Fawa'id al-madaniyyah. p. 520.

8. Al-Khoei, Abu al-Qasim. Mu'jam rijal al-hadith. vol. 1. p. 99.

9. Al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 5.

10. Al-Kafi, vol. 1, pp. 8 - 9.

11. Sayyid b. Tawus, 'Ali b. Musa. Kashf al-Mahajja. p. 159.

12. Mustafawi, Javad. Tarjuma usul al-kafi. vol. 1. p. 10.

13. Afandi, 'Abd Allah b. 'Isa. Riyad al-'ulama. vol. 2. p. 261.

14. Al-Najashi, Ahmad b. 'Ali. Rijal al-Najashi. p. 377; al-Shaykh al-Tusi. Al-Fihrist. p. 210.

15. Ghaffar, Abd allah al-rasul. al-Kulayni wa l-kafi. p. 401-402.

16. Agha Buzuer, Tihrani .al-Dhari'ah. vol. 13. p. 95-99.

References

  • Agha Buzurg Tihrani. Al-Dhari'ah ila tasanif al-Shi'a. Beirut: Dar al-Adwa', 1403 AH.
  • Afandi, Abdullah b. 'Isa, Riyad al-'ulama wa hiyad al-fudala'. qom: Matba'at al-Kayyam.
  • Astarabadi, Muhammad Amin, Al-Fawa'id al-madaniyyah. Qom: Mu'assisat al-Nashr al-Islamiyyah,, 1424 AH.
  • Khoei, Abu l-Qasim al-, Mu'jam al-rijal al-hadith wa tafsil tabaqat al-ruwat, Markaz Nashr al-Thaqafat al-Islamiyyah, Qom, 1994.
  • Sayyid b. Tawus, 'Ali b. Musa al-, Kashf al-mahajjah li thamarat al-mahjah, Al-Matba'at al-Haydariyyah, Najaf, 1370 SH.
  • Tusi, Muhammad b. Hassan al-, Al-Fihrist, researched by Javad Qayyumi, Nashr al-Fiqahah, 1417 AH.
  • Ghaffar, Abd Allah al-Rasul, Al-Kulayni wa l-kafi, Mu'assisah Nashr al-Islami, 1416 AH.
  • Kulayni, Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-, Al-Kafi, Dar al-kutub al-Islamiyyah, 1983.
  • Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir al-, Mir'at al-'uqul fi sharh akhbar al al-rasul, Dar al-kutub al-Islamiyyah, 1983.
  • Mustafawi, Javad, Tarjumah usul al-kafi, Kitabfurushi 'Ilmiyyah al-Islamiyyah, 1989.
  • Mufid, Muhammad b. Nu'man al-, Tashih I'tiqadat al-Imamiyyah, Dar al-Mufid, Beirut, 1414 AH.
  • Najashi, Ahmad b. 'Ali al-, Rijal al-Najashi, Mu'assisah Nashr al-Islami, Qom, 1416 AH.

Source: (en.wikishia.net)