Practices for The Last Friday and the Last Three Days of the Month of Shaban

Translators Note: Upon examining this collection of Amal, the believers will observe that in addition to the recommended Salat and supplications that can be found in the common books of Du`a (such as Mafatih al-Jinan), we have also tried to elaborate on the deeper, less known spiritual aspects of the acts of worship that are not commonly mentioned in the conventional books of Du`a. Our main purpose behind these and other presentations is to expound on the inner secrets and mystical acts of the worship that should be performed on the various occasions as understood by the Scholars of `Irfan that are not found in ‘main-stream’ books of supplication.

We request those who make use of this booklet to remember the translator and his family in their prayers and request you to pray to Allah to grant us the ability to present the translations of these beautiful supplications in the future for the benefit of the Mu’minin who do not understand `Arabic.

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Another important time (for worshipping Allah, Glory and Greatness be to Him) in the month of Sha`ban for the Salik proceeding towards Allah (Glory and Greatness be to Him) is the last Jumu`ah of the month (this year, it falls on Novembeerr 1, 200). In this regards, it has been narrated in the book `Uyun al-Akhbar al-Ridha from Abi Salt al-Harawi that he said:

“On the last Jumu`ah of the month of Sha`ban, I went to visit Imam al-Reza (prayers be upon him). The Imam said to me, ‘O’ Aba Salt! Certainly a great amount of the month of Sha`ban has passed and today is the last Jumu`ah (of this month) therefore make up for your negligence during this month on this day through the recitation of a great deal of supplications and constantly asking for forgiveness from Allah.

In addition, read the Qur’an much on this day and turn back towards Allah from your sins so that when the month of Ramadhhan comes, you have purified yourself for Allah such that there remains no trust upon your neck except that you have fulfilled it, and that there remains no hatred in your heart for a true believer except that you have removed it and keep away from all sins. Strengthen the taqwa you have for Allah and have complete reliance upon Him while in private and while you are in the public:

 وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا.

“And if any one puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is (Allah) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish his purpose: verily, for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion.”(1)

During the few days that are left in this month, continuously recite this supplication:

اَللّْهُمَّ إِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ قَدْ غَفَرتَ لَنا فِي ما مَضى‏ مِن شَعْبانَ فَاغفِر لَنا فِيما بَقِيَ مِنْهُ.

“O’ Allah! If you have not forgiven us (our sins) in that which has passed of this (month of) Shaban, then forgive us (our sins) in the period that is remaining (of the month of Shaban).”

Since Allah the Most High, out of His respect for the month of Ramadhhan will prevent a large number of people from entering into the hell fire.”

This command from the Imam (prayers be upon him) was a practical directive to his own family, those around him at his time and of course, for people of all time. Therefore we too must defend and keep this commandment alive and consider it as something valuable and thus, act upon it. It is also highly recommended to fast the last three days of the month of Shaban for that person who was not able to fast this entire month and it is not befitting for the one who is trying to get closer to Allah (Glory and Greatness be to Him) to miss these fasts. Shaykh Saduq (may Allah shower him with mercy) relates from Imam `Ali ibn Musa al-Ridha (prayers be upon him) that:

من صام ثلاثة أيّام من أخر شعبان و وصلها بشهر رمضان كتب الله تعالى له صيام شهرين متتابعين.

Whoever fasts the last three days of the month of Sha`ban and joins these fasts with that of the month of Ramadhan, Allah will write (in his book of deeds) as if he has fasted two months straight.”(2)

The devotional acts that should be performed at the end of every month to correct and rectify the actions that were missed during that month are other than the actions that we have listed here just as how for all the other months we have mentioned some of the actions that can be performed.(3)

Of the most important acts of the month of Ramadhan which should be done on the last night of the month of Shaban is the supplication that is mentioned in the book Iqbal which it has been narrated should be read tonight (the last night of the month of Sha`ban) and on the first night of the month of Ramadhan and thus, those who must fast during the month of Ramadhan must get themselves prepared to enter this month and to be the guests of Allah the Most High which they will understand how to do by reciting this supplication.(4)

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Notice: The first title of the article was (Amal for The Last Jumuah and the Last Three Days of the Month of Shaban) but changed to the present title.

NOTES:

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1. Surah al-Talaq, 65, Verse 3

2. Wasa'el Al-Shia, Chapter 29.

3. The readers can refer to the book al-Muraqibat for more information on the actions for the end of every month. (Tr.)

4. This supplication is presented on pages 3 and 4 in `Arabic with an English Translation. Please note that this translation has been taken from the book, Prayer’s Almanac published by PET Publications of Karachi and from the translation available on (www.duas.org) with modifications to make the translation more faithful to the `Arabic text. All praise belongs to Allah, only the mistakes are ours. (Tr.)