The Famous Shia Exegesists of the Holy Quran 3

The Famous Shia Exegesists of the Holy Quran 3

Shia Exegetists From Tabi'ites and After

Shaikh al-Muhammad bin Muhammad bin an-Nu'man al-Baghdadi who taught Sayyid Murtada and Sayyid Radi, was according to An-Najashi and others, the author of Kitab-ul-Bayan Fi Ta'lif-il Quran. The contents of this are unknown. Some contemporaries have written the name of this book as Kitab-ul-Bayan Fi Anwa'e 'Ulum-il-Quran. His sources are also unknown. He died in 409 A.H.
Sharif Murtada Ali bin al-Husain al-Musavi explained many difficult verses of the Holy Quran in his Amali. He died in 463 A.H.
Shaikh Tusi Muhammad bin al-Hasan, known as Shaikhut Ta'ifah wrote At-Tibyan Fi Tafsir al-Quran.This exegesis is in ten volumes. The author of Majma'-ul-Bayan has taken help from this book as he has himself said. We have seen the complete book in some libraries of Tehran. One copy is available at the Malek Library, Tehran which is the biggest library there having more than 50,000 volumes. This exegesis has been published along with its summary as Mukhtasar-ut-Tibyan. He died in 460 A.H.
Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Ja'far Abu Abdullah al-Katib Numani is the author of a well-known exegesis titled Tafsir-un-Nu'mani. He died during the fifth century.
Abul Futuh al-Husain bin Ali bin Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Khiza'i Razi Naishapuri is the author of 'Rawd ul-Jinan Fi Tafsir-il-Quran' which is spread over twenty volumes and is written in Persian. He died after the fifth century.
Amin-un-Din Abu Ali al-Hasan Tabrisi is the author of the famous exegesis known as Majma'-ul-Bayan Li 'Ulum-il-Quran which has been published many times in Iran and Lebanon.He was a contemporary to Az-Zamakhshari and compiled his exegesis before he could get information about Al-Kashshaf. When he got information about the latter, he wrote another titled Jawame' ul-Jame' in which he made use of the information given in Al-Kashshaf. This one is also printed. He died in 548 A.H.
Qutub-ud-Din Sa'id bin Hibt Ullah was a pupil of the author of Majma'-ul-Bayan. He wrote a summary of all the exegesis written by that time. This summary is in ten volumes. He also wrote a separate exegesis of the Holy Quran in two volumes. He died in 573 A.H.
Muhammad bin Hasan al-Fattal Naishapuri was the teacher of Ibn Sharr Ashub. He wrote an exegesis known as At-Tanwir Fima'anit Tafsir. He died during the sixth century.
Sayyid Fadl Ullah bin Ali al-Husaini Rawandi is the author Al-Kafi Fit-Tafsir which has been referred to by Muntajib ud-Din and the author of Amal-ul-Aamil. He died during the sixth century.
Amir Ghiyath ud-Din Mansur al-Husaini Shirazi is an ancestor of the author As-Salafah, and himself an author of an exegesis. He died in 948 A.H.
Mulla Husain al-Kashifi as-Sabzwari is the author of Jawahir-ut-Tafsir. He died around 910 A.H.
Maula Ali bin al-Hassan az-Zuwwari wrote a very voluminous exegesis in Persian. He died in the tenth century. Shaikh Baha-ud-Din Aamili Muhammad bin al-Husain began writing an exegesis known as Mashriq-ush-Shamsain but could not finish it. He died in 1031 A.H.
Mirza Muhammad bin Abdul Husain an-Nasiri at-Tusi al-Isfahani was a pupil of Sayyid Ali bin Hujjat Ullah Ash-Shulistani. He compiled an exegesis as reported by the Imams and which spread over thirty volumes. He died during the eleventh century.
Muhammad Husain bin Muhammad al-Qummi was the brother of Qadi Sa'id al-Qummi and a pupil of Rajab Ali Tabrizi al-Hakim. He wrote a voluminous exegesis in Persian which indicate the depth of his knowledge. He died by the end of the eleventh century.
Mirza Muhammad al-Mashhadi ibn Muhammad Reza al-Qummi rote an exegesis of the Holy Quran under the title "Kanz-ud-Daqa'iq wa Bahr ul-Ghara'ib". He died in the twelfth century.
Shaikh Muhammad Reza bin Muhammad Amin al-Hamadani is the author of Ad-Durr-un Nazim fi Tafsir-il-Quran al-Karim. The age he lived in could not be ascertained but surely he belonged to the latter period.
Sayyid Hashim bin Sulaiman al-Bahrani is the author of an exegesis titled Al-Burhan Fi Tafsir il-Quran which is in six volumes. He wrote another book related to the explanation and exegesis of the Holy Quran under the title "Kitab-ul-Hadi Wa Diya'in-Nadi" which is in two volumes. He died in 1170 A.H.
Shaikh Jawwad bin Hasan al-Balaghi Najafi was the author of Aala'-ir-Rahman Fi Tafsir-il-Quran. The first volume of this exegesis is published. The death did not give him time to finish. He died in Sha'ban 1352 A.H.

Shia Scholars in the Field of Applied Sciences

Among such Shia authors, the first one is Qudamah bin Ja'far. Yaqut has said about him that he excelled in Arithmetics, while Al-Matrizi tells that he was said to be the first one to work on Arithmetic. He died in 337 A.H. Other writers in this field are:
1. Abu Nasr al-Farabi Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Mu'alim-uth-Thani who died in 339 A.H.
2. Ahmad bin Maskwaih wrote books on logic and many valuable articles on Metaphysics and Mathematics. He died in 421 A.H.
3. Ar-Ra'is Ibn Sina al-Mu'allim-uth-Thalith.
According to the author Majalis-ul-Mu'minin (Qadi Nurullah Shustari) he was an Imamite. He died in 428 A.H.
4. Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad bin Muhammad bin al-Hasan Tusi.
He is said to be Imam-u-Ahl-il-Ma'qul. He wrote Tajrid-ul-I'tiqad, At-Tadhkirah Fil Hai'ah, Ar-Risalah Al-Mu'iniyyah (dealing with Astronomy) and its explanation, Tahrir-u-Uqlidas, Tahrir-ul-Majisti, Sharh-ul-Irshadat, Al-Fusul-un-Nasiriyyah, Risalat-ul-Istarlab, Risalat-ul-Jawahir etc. He was the person who prepared Astronomical Observatory and its tables for Hulaku Khan. He died in 672 A.H.
5. Al-Hasan bin Dawud al-Hilli wrote a book on Rijal as well as others on Logic. He died during the seventh or eighth century.
6. Al-Hasan bin Yusuf bin al-Mutahhar al-Hilli, known as Al-Allamah wrote explanations and commentaries to Tajrid and Al-Fusul-un-Nasiriyyah and also wrote Asrar-ul-Malakut Fi Sharh-i-Yaqut etc. He died in 726 A.H.
7. Qutub-ud-Din Muhammad ar-Razi al-Buwaihi ad-Dimashqui.
He wrote a commentary on Ash-Shamsiyyah and Al-Mutali'a Fil Mantiq. Besides, he wrote Al-Muhakamat. He died in Salihiyyah in Damascus in the year 766 A.H.
8. Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad bin As'ad ad-Dawwani wrote books on logic and rational studies. He died in 908 A.H.
9. Dawud bin 'Umar al-Antaki al-Basir got setted in Jabal 'Aamil and was a scholar of philosophy and psychology. He died in 1008 A.H.
10. Ash-Shaikh Baha-ud-Din Muhammad bin al-Husain al-'Aamili.
He wrote Al-Khullasah Fil Hisab which has been translated into many foreign languages. Many commentaries and explanations too have been written about it. He also wrote Tashrih-ul-Aflak and had great mastery in geometry and other branches of mathematics. He died in 1031 A.H.
11. Ash-Shaikh Jawwad bin Sa'dullah al-Kazimi was a pupil of Shaikh Baha-ud-Din. He wrote a commentary on his teacher's book Al-Khullasah. He died during the eleventh century.
12. As-Sayyid Ne'matullah bin Nur-ud-Din bin Ne'matullah Al-Jazairi was a great master of geometry and mathematical studies. He alone made the Zij (Astronomical Table) of Muhammad Shah. He died in 1151 A.H.
13. Sadr-ud-Din Shirazi known as Mulla Sadra.
He was a great master of metaphysics and philosophy. He wrote philosophical poetry. He was the author of Al-Asfar which is quite a famous book on metaphysics.
He died in 1060 A.H.
14. Mulla Hadi Sabzwari al-Hakim is the composer of a famous poem on philosophy. He died in 1289 A.H.