Al-Ghadir (2)

Al-Ghadīr fī l-kitāb wa l-sunna wa l-adab (2)

Eighth Volume

This volume begins with the continuation of the discussion about faith of Abu Talib, in this part, some of the doubts that are produced by misinterpretation of some Qur'anic verses, are discussed and responded to.(1)

The remaining part of this volume is about the exaggerations about Abu Bakr and 'Umar. Then the exaggerations made about 'Uthman are brought up and his extensive gifts and giveaway from bayt al-mal (treasury) to his relatives and banishing Abu Dhar to Rabadha are reported and discussed.

Ninth Volume

The discussions of this volume are about some of the reported virtues of 'Uthman, his mistreatment toward Ibn Mas'ud and 'Ammar b. Yasir, and banishing the righteous of Kufa to Syria. The words and opinions of some of the Companions of the Prophet (s) about 'Uthman and the story of his assassination are among the content of this volume.(2)

Tenth Volume

Beginning of this volume is the continuation of reported exaggerations about the virtues of the first three caliphs. It is followed by the story of Ibn 'Umar and his mistakes, including giving allegiance to Yazid.

The rest of this volume contains discussions about the fabricated virtues for Mu'awiya, his mistakes, innovations, crimes, and other wrong activities by him including launching war against Imam 'Ali (a) and the story of Hakamiyya.(3)

Eleventh Volume

The volume starts with analyzing the behavior of Mu'awiya. It discusses his treatment of Imam al-Hasan (a), his treatment of Shi'a in general, and the crime he committed about Hujr b. 'Adi and his companions. After this, the fabricated virtues of Mu'awiya are analyzed and criticized. Also, other exaggerative and superstitious stories about other individuals are being discussed.

The last part of this volume includes the list of Ghadir poets from the 9th/15th to 12th/18th century. At the end of the book, the author promises that the next volume (12th) would contain the remaining list of Ghadir poets,(4) which remains unfulfilled due to the demise of the author.

Status

Critics and researchers consider al-Ghadir as a kind of encyclopedia which includes different discussions about Islamic heritage in history, theology and apologetics, hadith, diraya (the science of analyzing the text of reports), rijal (the science of analyzing the chains of transmitters of each report), tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis), history of Qur'an's revelation, history of Ghadir literature, critical analysis of the tradition, correction and bibliography. The book is written in a consistent and nice style, wise manner, poetic prose, with abundant sources, epic and solid expression, limitless feelings, far reaching inspiration, living honesty, and complete conclusiveness.(5)

After the publication of al-Ghadir and considering the discussions in this book, the work of any later researcher in Islamic tradition and history who lacks proper knowledge of these discussions, would not be deemed as trustworthy. For instance, if a researcher writes about hadith science in Islam without having read the fifth volume of al-Ghadir (on the chain of fabricators and liars), or writes about sects and denominations without having read the third volume, or talks about the foundations and principles of Shia creed without proper knowledge of the first, second, and seventh volumes of al-Ghadir, without a doubt, that piece of work will be considered imperfect.(6)

Some of the critics' opinions are as follows:

  • Dr. Muhammad Ghallab al-Misri: Al-Ghadir, the dreamland of researchers.
  • Muhammad 'Abd al-Ghani Hasan al-Misri: Al-Ghadir, the great encyclopedia.
  • Dr. 'Abd al-Rahman Kayali al-Halabi: Al-Ghadir, any Muslim must have one copy of it.
  • Dr. Tawfiq al-Fakiki al-Baghdadi: Al-Ghadir, palatable water and a rare encyclopedia.
  • 'Abd al-Fattah 'Abd al-Maqsud al-Misri: Al-Ghadir, the vast universe of knowledge.
  • Dr. Bulis Salama al-Bayruti: Al-Ghadir, the ascertaining book of history and the opening of horizons of knowledge.
  • Dr. 'Ali Akbar Fayyad: Al-Ghadir, the wavy ocean.
  • Al-Shaykh Muhammad Sa'id al-Dahduh al-Halabi: Al-Ghadir, all the events of history and forms of time.
  • Al-Sayyid Sharaf al-Din al-'Amili: Al-Ghadir, the unique scholarly endeavor.
  • 'Ala' al-Din Khrufa al-Azhari: Al-Ghadir, a horrendous book.
  • Muhammad Taysir al-Makhzumi al-Shami: Al-Ghadir, a book different from other books.
  • Yusuf As'ad Daghir Bayruti: Al-Ghadir, an ocean with billows.(7)

Publication, Translation, and Summarization

Since the time of authorship, the eleventh volumes of al-Ghadir have been repeatedly printed. Currently there are two main prints of this book:

  1. The old print (Tehran: Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyya, 1372 AH, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-'Arabi 1387 AH) which was followed by numerous re-prints.
  2. The refined and verified version by: Markaz al-Ghadir li-l-Dirasat al-Islamiyya. Its first print was released in 1416/1995-1996. This version, which appears in new formatting, has gone through additional research and contains explanations and citations in the footnote.(8)

Al-Ghadir has been translated to Farsi, Urdu, and English. Also, there are Arabic, Urdu, and Turkish summaries of the book.(9)

Among other later works on this book are: creating indexes of figures and topics (titled: 'Ala difaf al-Ghadir [on the bank of Ghadir] and al-Munir fi faharis al-Ghadir), some additional parts written by al-Sayyid 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Tabataba'i, and different books in Farsi and Urdu, that were inspired by al-Ghadir.(10)

Various discussions of al-Ghadir like the discussion about Mut'a, Imam 'Ali's argument relying on the Hadith al-Ghadir have been published separately. Also, two books titled: Siyri dar al-Ghadir in Farsi by Muhammad Hadi Amini and Fi rihab al-Ghdir in Arabic by 'Ali Asghar Murwwij Khurasani, contain the most important discussions of al-Ghadir.(11)

Continued Part

Takmilat al-Ghadir fi l-kitab wa l-sunna wa l-adab: thamarat al-asfar ila l-aqtar (complementary of [Event of] al-Ghadir in the Book and tradition and literarure: the results of journeys to lands) is the title of a four volume book containing notes by the author of al-Ghadir, which was published posthumously. The notes were divided into two parts:

  1. The first part: notes and records by 'Allama Amini during his trip to India in 1380/1960. He spent four months there and studied manuscripts and printed books of different libraries and took notes from them.(12)
  2. The second part: notes and records by 'Allama Amini during his trip to Syria in 1384/1964. He studied manuscripts of different libraries and took notes from them.(13)

The author had meant to use these notes in the following volumes of al-Ghadir.(14)

Takmila al-Ghadir has been divided into 4 chapters and is published in 4 volumes.

First Chapter

This chapter is about the virtues of Imam 'Ali (a). At first, the verses that were revealed about him are mentioned. Then the issues pertaining to the Hadith al-Ghadir and its various chains of transmission, poems about al-Ghadir and virtues that are shared by the Prophet (s) and Imam 'Ali (a) are discussed.

Second Chapter

This chapter is about the virtues of the Ahl al-bayt (a). It starts with the virtues of Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a) and continues to the virtues of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a) and the Event of Karbala. Also, there are narrations about Imam al-Sajjad (a), Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Mahdi (a) in this chapter.

Third Chapter

This chapter is about the Prophet (s) and his Companions. In general, this chapter contains some rare narrations and reports about the Sunna and the companions of the Prophet (s).

Fourth Chapter

In this chapter the references and sources of the book are listed in two parts. The first part is related to author's trip to India and the second is about his trip to Syria. The fourth volume ends with indexes of Qur'anic verses, narrations, figures, printed sources, and manuscripts.

Encyclopedia of Ghadir Poets

Mawsu'a al-shu'ara al-Ghadir: al-mustadrak 'ala kitab al-Ghadir li-l-Shaykh al-Amini is the title of a 7 volume book, published by al-'Ataba al-'Alawiyya al-Muqaddasa in Najaf. In its first volume, contributors to this collection have compiled the poems from before the 13th/19th century that, as they claim, were missed by 'Allama Amini. The following volumes comprise of Ghadir poems from the 13th/19th to 15th/21th centuries.(15)

References

  • Tabataba'i, al-Sayyid 'Abd al-'Aziz al-. Al-Muhaqiq al-Tabataba'i fi dhikrah al-sanawiyya al-ula. Qom: Mu'assisa Al al-Bayt li-Ihya' al-Turath, 1417 AH.
  • Amini, 'Abd al-Husayn. Al-Ghadir. Qom: Markaz al-Ghadir li-l-Dirasat al-Islamiyya, 1416/1995.
  • Hakimi, Muhammad Rida. 'Allama Amini. Tehran: Mu'assisa Anjam Kitab, 1361 Sh/1403 AH.
  • Abu l-Hasani, 'Ali. Al-Ghadir. in Danishnama-yi Imam 'Ali. Ed. 'Ali Akbar Rashad. Tehran: Markaz-i Nashr-i Athar-i Pazhuhishgah-i Farhang wa Andisha-yi Islami, 1380 Sh.
  • Amini, 'Abd al-Husayn. Takmilat al-ghadir. Beirut: Markaz al-Amir li-Ihya' al-Turath al-Islami, 1429/2008.
  • 'Abd al-Sada, Rasul Kazim. Mawsu'at shu'ar' al-Ghadir. Najaf: 1431/2010.

Source: http://en.wikishia.net

NOTES:

_______________________________________________________

1. Amini, al-Ghadir, vol.8 pp. 11-45

2. Amini, al-Ghadir, vol.9

3. Amini, al-Ghadir, vol.10

4. Amini, al-Ghadir, vol.11 p. 520

5. Hakimi, Hamasa-yi ghadir, p.185

6. Hakimi, Hamasa-yi ghadir, pp.185-186

7. Hakimi, Hamasa-yi ghadir, p.186

8. Abu l-Hasani, al-Ghadir, p.333

9. Abu l-Hasani, al-Ghadir, p.333

10. Abu l-Hasani, al-Ghadir, pp.333-334

11. Abu l-Hasani, al-Ghadir, p.334

12. Amini, Takmilat al-ghadir, vol.1 p.54

13. Amini, Takmilat al-ghadir, vol.1 pp.54-55

14. Amini, Takmilat al-ghadir, vol.1 p.55

15. 'Abd al-Sada, Mawsu'a, p.21